• Water-borne Diseases
 
  • Waterborne diseases are caused by pathogenic micro-organisms, which are directly transmitted when contaminated fresh water is consumed. Waterborne diseases can be caused by protozoa, viruses, or bacteria, many of which are intestinal parasites.
  • Waterborne diseases can have a significant impact on the economy, locally as well as internationally. As per WHO's assessment, the most predominant waterborne disease, diarrhoea, has an estimated annual incidence of 4.6 billion episodes and causes 2.2 million deaths every year. People, who are infected by waterborne diseases, are usually confronted with related costs and not seldom with a huge financial burden. This is especially the case in less developed countries. The financial losses are mostly caused by e.g. costs for medical treatment and medication, costs for transport, special food, and by the loss of manpower.